H‑2A Visas for Agriculture: The Complex Process for Farmers to Hire Agricultural Guest Workers
The H-2A program is an employer-sponsored temporary worker program, meaning that farmers initiate the process, not the workers. The H-2A visa program has no numerical cap but is restricted to temporary or seasonal jobs lasting less than a year. This requirement significantly limits participation and effectively bars dairies and most animal farms that demand labor year-round. H-2A’s most widely used predecessor—colloquially known as the Mexican Bracero Program (canceled in 1964)—had no such limitation. The H-2A program also narrowly defines “agriculture,” excluding most meat packers and processors.
More on the story here: https://www.cato.org/publications/immigration-research-policy-brief/h-2a-visas-agriculture-comple x-process-farmers-hire